Cancer Support Group

Monday, Nov 20th

Last update:06:42:40 AM GMT

Bone Marrow Donor

Collection of Bone Marrow
Collection takes place at the collection center hospital closest to the donor. The donor is given anesthesia – either regional or general – to block the pain associated with the marrow collection. The donor is placed face down on the operating table. The physician inserts the needle through the skin into the pelvic bone (iliac crest) and draws out the amount of marrow (stem cells) requested by the transplant center – the average volume is 1,000 milliliters, or about one quart, to get the amount of stem cells requested. Incision sites are then covered with bandages, and the donor is taken to a recovery area until the anesthesia wears off. The donor is monitored for complications. The marrow is transported immediately by hand to the patient’s transplant center. The donor may be released the same day or the next day, depending on recovery. Most donors will experience some pain, fatigue, and difficulty walking immediately after collection. These symptoms usually diminish or disappear within two weeks after donation.

The Way In Which Marrow And Stem Cells Infused In The Patient
The marrow is given through the central venous catheter, much like a blood transfusion. There are usually a few side effects, but pre–medication may be used to decrease potential reaction to the marrow.

Chances of Survival With A Transplant
Chances of survival are dependent on many issues – the patient’s age, condition and diagnosis.

Age Limits For BMTs
This also depends upon many factors, including the type of transplant being considered. Each transplant center determines recommended age limits for each diagnosis and treatment plan.

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