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Monday, Nov 20th

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Home Cancer Bone Marrow Cancer Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)

Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)

Diseases treated with a Bone Marrow Transplant
More than 60 diseases are treated with unrelated marrow transplants. These diseases include: chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, myelodysplasia, non–hodgkin lymphoma, severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome, Fanconi’s anemia, Hurler’s syndrome, Hodgkin’s disease, hemoglobinopathies, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, and many other life–threatening blood diseases.

Difference between Autologous, Allogenic and Syngenic?
An allogenic transplant is performed using the marrow of a donor (related or unrelated). An autologous transplant is performed using the patient’s marrow which has been removed, stored in a freezer and then returned to the body after the patient receives high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. In some cases, procedures for removing residual tumor cells are employed prior to freezing. Autologous BMTs are commonly used to treat solid tumors or lymphomas. Syngenic bone marrow transplants are performed from one identical twin to the other.

Search for unrelated donor
For a patient to see if any of these potential donors have the same HLA typing, a preliminary search needs to be performed. A preliminary search can be run by a transplant center (hospital), or by your doctor (the referring physician). Your doctor would need to have the patient’s HLA A, B, DR antigen testing results first.

Check for matches
The Registry can be checked at any time, as many times as a patient, their physician or transplant center requests.

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