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Home News and Update Year 2009 Theaflavins Induced Apoptosis of LNCaP Cells is Mediated through Induction of p53

Theaflavins Induced Apoptosis of LNCaP Cells is Mediated through Induction of p53

Prostate cancer (PCA), the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in men, represents an excellent candidate disease for chemoprevention studies because of its particularly long latency period, high rate of mortality and morbidity. Infusion of black tea and its polyphenolic constituents have been shown to possess antineoplastic effects in androgen dependent PCA in both in vivo and in vitro models including transgenic animals. In the present study, we report that black tea polyphenol, Theaflavins (TF)–induced apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma, LNCaP cells is mediated via modulation of two related pathways: up–regulation of p53 and down–regulation of NF–kappa B activity, causing a change in the ratio of pro–and antiapoptotic proteins leading to apoptosis. The altered expression of Bcl–2 family member proteins triggered the release of cytochrome–C and activation of initiator capsase 9 followed by activation of effector caspase 3. Furthermore, TF also affected the protein expression of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) pathways. Our results demonstrated that TF treatment resulted in down–regulation of phospho–extracellular signal–regulated protein kinase (Erk1/2) and phospho–p38 MAPK expressions. We conclude that TF induces apoptosis in LNCaP cells by shifting the balance between pro–and antiapoptotic proteins and down–regulation of cell survival pathways leading to apoptosis. Further extending this work, we also showed that TF induces apoptosis in androgen independent PCA cell line, PC–3 through caspases and MAPKs mediated pathways. Thus, effect of TF on PCA cell lines seems to be irrespective of their androgen status.


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