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Home News and Update Year 2011 Cancers caused by tobacco highest in city women

Cancers caused by tobacco highest in city women

Times of India
23 September 2011
By, Kounteya Sinha
New Delhi, India

Cancers caused by tobacco is the highest among men from Kolkata and least among those from Mumbai in the four metropolitan cities. Among women, tobacco–related cancers were highest in those from Chennai and least among women in Delhi.

According to the Indian Council of Medical Research’s ‘Cancer associated with the use of tobacco’ report, nearly 44.4% of all cancers in men in Kolkata are because of tobacco, followed by Chennai (41.4%), Delhi (39.4%) and Mumbai (39.2%). Also, women from Chennai record the highest number of tobaccorelated cancers (15.2%), followed by Mumbai (13.5%), Kolkata (12.3%) and Delhi (11%).

Besides the four metropolitan cities, the burden of tobacco–associated cancers is acute even in other cosmopolitan cities like Bangalore and Pune. Almost 35% of all cancers in men and 14.3% of all cancers in women from Bangalore are related to tobacco consumption. In Pune, 39.3% of all cancers in men and 16.8% of all cancers in women are associated with tobacco.

However, among the 20 cancer registries surveyed, the burden of tobacco–related cancers is the most acute in Dibrugarh district in both men and women. Around 57% of all cancers in men and 26.3% of all cancers in women in Dibrugarh were tobacco–related. Experts said, “In most societies, smoking rates are higher for men than women but more men than women are giving up, and in some societies the number of female smokers is rising.”

Killer Addiction
  • Women from Chennai record the highest number of tobacco–related cancers at 15.2%
  • They are followed by women from Mumbai (13.5%), Kolkata (12.3%) and Delhi (11%)
  • Among men, Chennai (41.4%) ranks second behind Kolkata, which records 44.4% Incidence of tobacco–related cancer also acute in cities like Pune and Bangalore Tobacco leads to 57million deaths worldwide each year
Dr Vinod Raina, director of medicaloncology atAIIMS, said, “One–third of all cancers in India are due to tobacco — chewing or smoking. India needs toimmediately strengthen its antitobacco programme and launch it acrossthecountry.”
Tobacco kills nearly 5.7 million people worldwide each year, including 5.1 million people who die from their own smoking. The World Health Organisation saysthatsmoking istheworld’sleading cause of preventable death. It causes 1 in 10 deaths among adults worldwide. At the current rate, the death toll is projected to reach more than 8 million annually by 2030 and a totalof one billion deaths in the 21st century.
Second–hand tobaccosmokeisequally dangeroustohealth. In India, 34.6%of adultsusetobaccoin some form, of which 47.9% are male and 20.3% are female. There are more than 4,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known tobeharmful and morethan 50 areknown tocausecancer.

Women comprise about 20% of the world’s more than 1 billion smokers.Both men andwomen who smoke are pronetocancer,heartdisease and respiratory disease.

Experts say that 90% of all lung cancer deaths in women smokers are attributable to tobacco. ndia is the second biggest producer of tobacco after China and the fourth–biggest exporter of unmanufacturedtobacco.

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